Review: Dark Matters
Hawthorne's use of diary sequences, poetry, and narrative open up the world of these women in a fascinating way
Dark Matters by Susan Hawthorne is a fascinating book, which in a post- modern way, tell stories about women, their lives and their myths. Through diary sequences, poetry and narrative we get to know Kate, Mercedes and Desi.
Kate and Mercedes were in a relationship but their destiny took them through the cruel road of the dirty politics, where men abuse and violate women’s rights and bodies through torture.
Desi is Kate’s niece, who like a patient embroiderer, stitch by stitch, is able to capture not only the cruel reality of her aunt’s experiences but also her inner strength. Intrigued by her aunt’s relationship with Mercedes and their political involvement she travels to South America, visiting Argentina and Chile the country where Mercedes was originally from.
Hawthorne says that she started researching for Dark Matters in 2002 and I am not surprised, as this book is a treasure of knowledge not only of the dirty wars in Chile and Argentina but also of history, mythology, language, psychological and cross-cultural issues.
The author, very cleverly presents reflexions on language, particularly the language of poetry. The reader encounters profound thoughts that takes them through the possibilities of words, lines, letters ... It is admirable how Hawthorne teaches without preaching, shows without overwhelming and presents facts without being pedantic.
Dark Matters is also about lesbians, about the politics of being a woman and a lesbian. In a very poignant passage Kate reflects and says: “ How many women have to be killed before men’s violence is seen as real? How many women have to be injured and violated before their pain is verified? How many lesbians have to be torture before our pain is made public.”
As a psychologist I was impressed by how Hawthorne was able to portray the mind of a character who has been deprived, not only of her freedom but also of any sensory stimulation.
Desi travels to Argentina, where she visits ESMA, the center of torture where many women were violated and tortured during the military dictatorship during the 70's. Desi, trying to understand her aunt’s past reflects on the nature of the torturer and how true her words are: “The torturer is not after truth. Not even after information. The torturer wants to break the person who is subjected to pain, uncertainty, disorientation and humiliation. When it comes to women, the torturer wants to inflict shame on her. To do this he will reduce her to hers sex, by which he means her genitals.”
Hawthorne has created a character, which is fully fleshed, Kate is not a cardboard cutout, the reader will learn about her past, her love, her ancestry. She was a prisoner, but only her body was imprisoned because her mind was never captured.
Kate relates myths and stories, she creates poetry, she beautifully describes her inner world. Kate’s inner strength reflects that inner strength I imagine most lesbians in the past had to have in order to survive abuse, pain and persecution because homosexuality has been considered a crime, a sin and a mental illness.
Hawthorne has managed to deal with a horrific topic in a beautiful and poetic manner. Very skilfully she utilizes short sentences to manage the tension and the drama. Even in the darkest moments there is relief in the profundity of the thoughts, in the poetic narrative, and in the inspirational strength of Kate.